Culture Kalenjin 

EVOLUTION AND SHRINKING OF KÄLENŸJÏN LANGUAGE OVER 3000 YEAR PERIOD.

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There is no doubt that Kalenÿjïin language has evolved and shrunken tremendously over the last two to four millennium. It is no shrunken that out of about 50,000 word stock 3000 years ago, Kalenÿjïin language has only about 15,000 word stock as entered by Dr. Kipnyango araap Seroney. The language spoken by Egyptian pharaohs was the Mother Language of many communities in Eastern Africa, North and West Africa and in far flung areas of the world like Mesoamerica,Yucatan and Iberian peninsulas, South East Asia, IndoChina, Melanesia,Autsralia and Oceanica. The proto-…

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Culture Turkana 

Turkana and their political leadership

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In Turkana, Political leadership was provided by ritual diviners or ngimurok. Each of these men normally controlled one territorial section, but a few outstanding figures rose to positions of influence in the tribe as a whole. Among the Turkana, the ngimurok had much more clearly defined military role. During the 19th century, three outstanding diviners were recorded:Lokerio, who led the early wars of expansion and lived until the 1880s; Lokorikeny, who flourished around the middle of the century; and Lokorijem, who in the late 1890s, is said to have come…

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Borana Culture 

Short history of abaa Gadaa madha Galma tore [the brave]

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Madha Galma is the real man who make Haile Selassie to “bow” for him. The history repeat itself ironically if Oromoo Gadaa system was destroy it was his Gadaa time. Madha Galma Tore he was 63th Abaa Gadaa, who ruled as abaa Gaddaa from 1952-1960, he was regarded as the brave Abaa Gadaa of those time when Abyissinia was under Haile Sellassie, he ruled his people in accordance to the right of all, Madha Galma was known to be Abaa Gaddaa who rebursted and restore the culture up to date….

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