Housing is a special art that is diverse in every society in Africa, Civilization is crucial despite its gradual change in societies; Cultural heritage on the architectural design on housing is still treasured.
Every culture in Northern Kenya has their house design that differentiates one from the other. The traditional houses in Northern Kenya are made with materials that make them cool in the hot season and warm during cold seasons. The materials range from mud, dung, grass, stones, and hides depending on the area. The homes are clustered together or arranged in a specific pattern depending on the African communal nature. The close proximity identifies the kinship of the people and also acts as a protection against enemies and outsiders.
El Molo people seem to have a different design of house compared to most African homes. El Molo huts are found on the shore of Lake Turkana, the largest desert lake. The igloo looking homes are made of doum palm leaves on a wooden structure of some saplings in addition to hides and skins from animals.
In Rendille Tribe building a hut is entirely women responsibility, the art of design start right in Mountains where women get the wild sisal and work on it by burning and getting the straws, intertwined it and finally transformed into a blanket single like structure, the large mass of creatively design roofing structure is significant since even for new homes of the newly married is also used, Cultures changes over time but Rendille Tribe treasures some of the basic skills on housing hence making them unique.
Most Rendille houses don’t have a proper door but they use animal hide preferable camel skin to cover the entrance. Their pastoralists nature makes them build a temporary house which is easier to disassembled and transport during migration. Rendille house can be completely disassembled and converted into a camel-carried palanquin in which children and the elderly travel.
Borana huts are in the Marsabit county of Kenya. These huts are made of earth and thatched with grass. The Borana people are mainly small scale farmers growing maize, beans, mirra, and vegetables due to the favorable micro climate of mount Marsabit where they live.
The Turkana are very similar in mannerism to the El Molo and they have also adhered to their culture. Turkana people are found in the Lake Turkana region of Kenya. Their pastoralistic nature forces them to build a temporary house. They use readily available palm tree and hides to build their homes.
Samburu huts resemble Maasai huts, they use both traditional and modern design to design their huts. The huts are either round or oval in shape. Samburu huts can be spotted in Samburu County and some parts of Marsabit County inhabited by the Samburus.
Pokot Traditional Huts
Pokot is a Nilotic Kalenjin clan that inhabits western part of the rift valley. Pokot people live grass thatched huts pasted with red clay. the huts are round in shape with a very small opening.
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